What is obesity, Causes, preventions, BMI, Type of Obesity.

What is obesity, Causes, preventions, BMI, Type of Obesity.
Obesity means excess body fat It is different from the overweight, which means too much weight. Weight can be with muscles, bone, fat and / or body water. Both words mean that a person's weight is considered to be healthy for his height.

Obesity happens over time when you use more calories. The balance between calorie-in and calorie-out is different for each person. Factors affecting your weight include your genetic make-up, eating more food, eating high-fat foods and not being physically active.

Obesity increases your risk of diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis and some cancers. If you have obesity, 5 to 10 percent of your weight may also be reduced or some of these diseases can stop. For example, this means that if you weigh 200 pounds then lose 10 to 20 pounds.

Symptoms of obesity


Obesity is diagnosed when your body mass index (BMI) is 30 or more. Your body mass index is calculated by dividing your weight into kilogram (kg) and from your height in the meter (m) square.
Obesity BMI

BMI                         Weight status 
Below 18.5             Underweight
18.5-24.9.                Normal
25.0-29.9.                Overweight
30.0-34.9.                Obese (Class I)
35.0-39.9.                Obese (Class II)
40.0 and higher     Extreme obesity (Class II)

Types of Obesity



Type of obesity
This research suggests that instead of keeping all obese people in one category, it may be better to identify subpopulations of obesity, which can lead to tailor's intervention & treatment more effectively. Current study doesn't prove this hypothesis, although it is worth further investigatio.
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Causes of obesity

On the surface, the cause of obesity seems simple: if you consume more calories than burning energy through physical activity, you will gain weight. But like many things, simple explanations are often incomplete.

Risk factors contributing to obesity can be a complex combination of genetics, social economic factors, metabolic factors, and lifestyle choices with other things. Weight may also increase due to some endocrine disorders, diseases and medicines.

Factors influencing obesity 

Genetics – Studies have shown that you can inherit a tendency toward obesity. If both you or your parents are obese, the probability of getting more weight increases by 25 percent. Heredity also strongly influences where you lift the weight - around the hips or the middle.

Metabolic – How do you spend energy, how will it be different from someone else? Metabolism and hormonal agents are not the same for all, but these factors play a role in determining weight gain. Recent studies show that the peptide hormone known to control the level of appetite and levels of other peptides levels in the stomach trigger the hunger and play a role in giving you feeling of fullness after eating.

Lifestyle – Eating in combination with a sedentary life style contributes to obesity. Changing your behavior can affect these lifestyle choices. If you eat a diet that comes with high amounts of calorie sugar, high fat, sophisticated foods, then it is likely that you will gain weight. As more American families run and people look for low cost options, more people reach for high calorie and fast food drinks and drinks.

Couple that with the lack of regular exercise and it is very difficult for adults to maintain or lose weight. For children, activities that do not cost energy, such as watching TV or sitting on a computer, contribute to obesity.
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Complications of obesity

If you are obese, then you are likely to develop a number of potentially serious health problems, including:
Complications of obesity


  • Heart disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Gynecological problems, such as infertility and irregular periods
  • (HDL) High triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Erectile dysfunction and sexual health issues
  • Metabolic syndrome — a combination of high blood sugar, high blood pressure, high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol
  • Cancer, including cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovaries, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney and prostate
  • Breathing disorders, including sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts
  • Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, a condition in which fat builds up in the liver and can cause inflammation or scarring
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Prevention from obesity

Whether you are at risk for being fat, at present, overweight or healthy weight, you can take steps to increase unhealthy weight and prevent related health problems. Not surprisingly, steps to prevent weight gain are similar to the steps to lose weight: daily exercise, a healthy diet, and a long-standing commitment to see what you eat and drink.

Exercise regularly. To prevent weight gain, you have to do 150 to 300 minutes of moderate intensity activity in the week. Medium movements include fast walking and swim in intense physical activities.

Follow a healthy eating plan. Focus on low calorie, nutritious-rich foods such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid saturated fats and limit sweets and alcohol. Regular eating three times a day with limited snacking. You can still enjoy small amounts of high fat, high calorie foods as an infectious treatment. Just be sure to select foods that promote healthy weight and good health most of the time.

Know and avoid the food traps that cause you to eat. Identify the conditions that trigger the outside food. Try to keep a journal and write what you eat, how much you eat, when you are eating, how you are feeling and how hungry you are. After a while, you should see the pattern emerging. You can plan ahead and take control of your eating habits to deal with such situations.

Monitor your weight regularly. Those who reduce their weight at least once a week, are more successful in keeping extra pounds. Monitoring your weight can tell you whether your efforts are working and before you become a big problem, you can help in detecting small weights.

Be consistent. During the week, the possibility of long-term success increases on weekends, and as long as possible sticking to your health-weight plan between holidays and holidays.

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Obesity Diet Chart 


Morning - Snacks make for one of the most important times to get metabolism racing.  Accordin to doctor, the pudina chutni sandwich made with whole wheat bread can be the right start of the morning. With this, a bowl of freshly cut fruit is not a bad idea.

Afternoon - In the afternoon, simple roti, a bowl of vegetable and pulse(dal) may be included. The pulse(dal) is filled with protein. Protein is essential for weight loss and muscle repair. Since it takes time to digest the protein, it keeps you contented for a long time and in this way you can stop the fat stuffed foods.

Evening - In the evening, you can promote your antioxidant with a cup of tea. You can also mix them with whole wheat biscuits containing fiber. Make sure you stay away from sugary cookies.

Dinner - For dinner, you can take chapatis, vegetables and swap pulses(dal) with a vegetable salad.
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